Cats have a visual field of 200 degrees compared to humans 180 degrees.
Peripheral vision for humans is 20 degrees each side. This is represented by the blurriness.
Peripheral vision for cats is 30 degrees each side. This is represented by the blurriness.
Cats can see 6-8 times better in dim light than humans due the high number of rods and because of their elliptical pupil, large cornea and tapetum. – All Animal Eye Clinic
What a normal human can see as unblurred and sharp at 100-200 feet, a cat would have to view from 20 feet (a cat’s visual acuity is between 20/100 to 20/200). – All Animal Eye Clinic
Cats were originally thought to be dichromats (like dogs and protanopic humans). They have been found to have peaks at 450-454 nm and 550-561 nm (blue-violet and green-yellow, essentially). That said, there is some research out there that suggests cats may also have a third cone type that peaks at 500-520 nm (green area). This would indicate that they are trichromats, but not in the human sense (the cones aren’t as spread out and all fall in the violet-yellow range). Protanopic humans really only see blues and yellows (red-green color blind), so cats are probably like that, but with some green thrown in from that third cone type. – Penn Vet
Our retinas have many more cones than cats, especially in the area of the fovea (which is all cones and no rods). This gives us fantastic day vision with lots of vibrant colors and excellent, detailed resolution. Dogs and cats have many more rods, which enhances their ability to see in dim light and during the night. They have no fovea, but an “area centralis” that, though has more cones than other areas of the retina, still has more rods than cones. The increase in rods also enhances their “refresh rate”, so that they can pick up movements much faster (very helpful when dealing with small animals that change direction very quickly during a chase). These differences also help them to have great night vision, an excellent ability to pick up and follow quick movements, but at the cost of less vibrant color, with less detailed resolution. Interestingly, this also means that humans have the ability to see very slowly moving objects at speeds 10 times slower than cats (that is to say that we can see very slow things move that would not appear to be moving to a cat). – Penn Vet
For complete set of images and captions please email firstname.lastname@example.org
I was inspired to create this project after walking around New York City in 95 °F heat. So, I rented a thermal imaging camera, drove back to Manhattan, and took thermal images. John E. Frederick from the University of Chicago explained how the urban heat island effect showed itself in each of the photos and I thank him for his time on this project.
Follow me on my new Twitter for upcoming projects of mine.
I conceptualized and designed this project to show the extent of inequality in Manhattan. We all know the some have more than others, but this project, I believe, puts the striking differences in perspective.
I was inspired to create this project after standing atop Mt. Washington in my hometown of Pittsburgh and looking at the Pittsburgh skyline. I thought to myself, what if you could actually see inequality? This relatively even landscape would look much different.
I chose to do Manhattan instead of Pittsburgh because I know that, for many people, moving to New York City is the start of their journey to achieve the American Dream. The American Dream suggests that if you work hard enough, you can achieve it. However, it’s clear that the landscape in order to achieve that dream is not as even and equal as it appears on the surface.
I’ll address 2 critiques of this project which I’ve received by email, internet comments, and articles critiquing this project.
“Why did you use a white man and woman?”
People are reading way too much into this. I chose those two figures because they were the best frontal facing stock photos I could find.
“This is ridiculous! There’s no way humans will look like this!”
There is a subtle but important distinction between a prediction and a hypothesis. Obviously, nobody can predict what will happen 100,000 years from now, but this is one possibility based on reasoned thought.
Think of this project as asking your college professor to draw what humans may look like 100,000 years from now. He didn’t perform an exhaustive scientific research study to find out what will happen (mainly because it would be useless to). He used his knowledge to make an educated guess.
If you look outside a window, everything seems so abundant. The horizon seems to stretch out into infinity. But that’s only because we see Earth from a limited perspective.
If you think about it, we’re kind of like ants in an ant farm. The ants think that their home is enormous and that there’s nothing special about it. However, if they were to see the world outside of their farm, they’d realize that it’s actually very special and very limited.
This was one of the inspirations for the “New York City on Different Planets” project. It was made with StorageFront.com, to show that we should protect not just out belongings, but our own planet.
$34,320,880 is the cost of being Gatsby for 1 year. The mansion and vehicles are fixed costs. The rest are variable costs. So, if you feel like extending your Gatsby lifestyle, you’ll have to increase your variable costs.
Great Gatsby takes place in 1922. Prohibition began in 1920, meaning Gatsby had only 2 years to amass his fortune from bootlegging. So, I felt that if you really wanted to live like Jay Gatsby, you’d have to do so for only 1 year.
A little over $34 million may seem like a low amount, but it’s an amount that is reasonable considering what’s in the book. In the book, Gatsby has about 5 large parties, which is why the cost of the parties is not as large as one may think.
I generally do not like making infographics. However, I felt that with the right combination of art and research, I could make a compelling visual. Thank you to Yelena Lamm for her art work, which I feel made the entire visual.
A lot of people are saying that we shouldn’t criticize Barbie because she is a toy. At the same time, nobody feels its wrong to be critical of skinny models, who are real people with feelings. If you think about it, what has more influence on a young girl? Skinny models in ads or Barbie, who she may play with everyday?
Thank you to Marco Romero for working with me to make these 3D models.
Look for me at 2:04 of the above video. Thank you to The List for the interview!
When crediting the illustrations and video, please credit Nickolay Lamm from StorageFront.com.
I’m very happy with the amount of media coverage my sea level rise project has gotten. And I made a short video out of all the images.
I’m surprised at the amount of people calling this a “liberal agenda”. When I was making these illustrations, I based them off sea level rise maps from Climate Central, not someone’s wild imagination.
I feel this quote sums up my illustrations…
“As human beings, we are vulnerable to confusing the unprecedented with the improbable. In our everyday experience, if something has never happened before, we are generally safe in assuming it is not going to happen in the future, but the exceptions can kill you and climate change is one of those exceptions.”
There’s no way we can predict what the Royal Baby will look like as a young adult, but we can certainly make some educated guesses.
I consulted with a graduate student from MIT who studies genetics. Her hypotheses are based on general trends scientists have noticed in studying genetics of facial features. Nothing definitive can be made about the future appearance of the daughter and son. Hypothesizing what the child may look like is simply a matter of which traits are more dominant than others…
The child has a 50% chance of having green eyes (like Kate) and 50% chance of having blue eyes (like Will). So, in the illustrations, the daughter has blue eyes and the son has blue eyes
Almond eyes tend to be dominant over round eyes. Kate has almond eyes, so it’s a good bet that her children will have almond eyes.
Kate’s olive skin color is dominant over the lighter skin of Price William, so there’s a strong chance the child will have Kate’s skin type.
Kate’s dark hair is dominant over William’s light hair, so the children will likely have dark brown hair like Kate.
William and Kate do not have widow’s peaks, so their child will not have this trait.
Kate has dimples, which is a dominant trait. So it’s likely that her dimples will be passed down to her children.
Kate and Will have free earlobes, which is a dominant trait. So it’s likely their kids will have this trait.
Because broad lips are dominant over thin lips, and because broad lips seem to have a history in the Royal Family, it’s likely that the children will have broad lips.
Because both Will and Kate have oval faces, and because oval faces are dominant over square shaped faces, it’s likely that their kids will have oval shaped faces.
Heart-shaped faces tend to be a characteristic of female faces, so Kate’s daughters will probably take after her heart-shaped face while her son’s will have jawlines more similar to Will.